APOCYNACEAE – Ochrosia – Ochrosia elliptica

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APOCYNACEAE Oleander family Apocynaceae includes approxi-mately 355 genera of herbs, shrubs, trees, and climbers distributed wordwide, with greatest diversity  in the tropics. Characteristics in-clude a milky latex sap and complex flowers. Recent cevisions include the genera traditionally segregated in to Asclepiadaceae in this family. For the convenience of readers more familiar with this arrange –…


ACANTHACEAE – Eranthemum – Eranthemum nigrum – Eranthemum pulchellum – Eranthemum wattii

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ACANTHACEAE ACANTHUS FAMILY CLOCK – VINE FAMILY Acanthaceae includes approximately 256 genera of perennial herbs, shrubs, and climbers, which are widely distributed in warm tem- perate an tropical regions. Leaves are in opposite pairs, often at right angles to the pair above and below (decussate) an stems are often 4 – angled. Flowers are bisexual…


BORAGINACEAE – Wingandia – Wingandia urens var. caracasana

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BORAGINACEAE BORAGE FAMILY Boraginaceae includes approximately 117 genera of trees, shrubs, herbs, and a few woody climbers distributed from the  tropics to temperate zones. A few species are used as culinary or medicinal herbs, and  certain larger tree species are cut for timber. Leavers are usually simple, often narrow, sometimes hairy or scaly, sometimes rough…


BIGNONIACEAE – Adenocalymna – adenocalymna comosum

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BIGNONIACEAE TABEBUIA FAMILY TRUMPETCREEPER FAMILY Bignoniaceae includes approximately 110 genera of mostly tropical trees, shrubs, and woody climbers, with greatest diversity in Central and northern South America. The species are typical of seasonally moist/dry forests. The family includes many extraordinary ornamentals, such as facaranda and Tabebuia. Leaves are usually pinnate, occasionally palmate or simple. The…


BERBERIDACEAE – Nandina – Nandina domestica

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Berberidaceae Barberry family Berberidaceae includes approximately 15 genera of herbs and shrubs, which are widely distributed in north temperate and tropical montane regions,  primarily the Andes of South America. Plants often have a yellow sap which is toxic. Leaves are simple, sometimes deeply lobed or compound. Flowers are bisexual and radially symmetrical. The 4-6 sepals…


BEGONIACEAE – Begonia – Begonia hybrids – Begonia nelumbiifolia

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Begoniaceae Begonia family Begoniaceae includes 2 genera of perennial herbs, shrubs, and climbers from the tropics. Flowers are unisexual, with male anf female flowers usually on the same plant or occasionally on different plants. Leaves are simple, often lobed. Leaves and stems are fleshy. Though often described as preferring neutral to slightly acid pH, many…


ARALIACEAE – Osmoxylon – Osmoxylon lineare

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Araliaceae Aralia Family, ginseng family Araliaceae includes 47-84 genera of shrubs, trees, woody climbers, epiphytes, and rarely herbs, whith are widely distributed but most diverse in Indonesia and the Americas. This family could also be more broadly circum scribed in the family Apiaceae. Hedera and  Polyscias are frequently cultivated as  foliage plants in temperate and…


AQUIFOLIACEAE – Ilex -Ilex cassine

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AQUIFOLIACEAE Holly family Aquifoliaceae includes a single genus of trees and shrubs, which are widely distributed. Hollies are common landscape  trees intemperate zones. Tropical species are equally attractive with dark green foliage and ornamental berries, but are underutilized in landscaping leaf extracts of certain species are used in beverages. Paraguayan tea is a high –…


ACANTHACEAE – Crossandra – Crossandra infundibuliformis – Crossandra nilotica

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ACANTHACEAE ACANTHUS FAMILY CLOCK – VINE FAMILY Acanthaceae includes approximately 256 genera of perennial herbs, shrubs, and climbers, which are widely distributed in warm tem- perate an tropical regions. Leaves are in opposite pairs, often at right angles to the pair above and below (decussate) an stems are often 4 – angled. Flowers are bisexual…


ACANTHACEAE – Dyschoriste – Dyschoriste hygrophyllodes, Dyschoriste species

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ACANTHACEAE ACANTHUS FAMILY CLOCK – VINE FAMILY Acanthaceae includes approximately 256 genera of perennial herbs, shrubs, and climbers, which are widely distributed in warm tem- perate an tropical regions. Leaves are in opposite pairs, often at right angles to the pair above and below (decussate) an stems are often 4 – angled. Flowers are bisexual…


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