How to Grow Nelly Moser Clematis

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The Nelly Moser clematis is a large-flowered hybrid. It blooms in the middle of June on shorts stems from the growth of the year before. This clematis blooms again in the late summer months, although these blooms are often smaller. The Nelly Moser grows to heights of 8 feet and its pale rosy mauve blooms reach 8 inches in diameter. Prune the clematis in February or March to the topmost, large green buds.

Moderately Easy


things you’ll need:
  • Pruning shears
  • Arbor, pergola or other type of support
  • Protective collar
  • Fertilizer with 3:1:2 or 4:1:2 ratio
    1. Test the soil before planting the Nelly Moser clematis. It does best in well-drained soil with a pH near 7.0. Add phosphorous if necessary.
    2. Plant the Nelly Moser in an area where it receives partial shade throughout the day or in an eastern exposure. Large-flowered hybrids like the Nelly Moser, Hagley Hybrid and Hybrida Sieboldiana fade badly with too much direct sunlight.
    3. Cut the stems of your Nelly Moser with pruning shears so that they are no taller than 12 inches. Place it into the soil so that the crown is 1 or 2 inches below the soil surface. Fill in the area with the backfill and water the plant well.
    4. Add some types of support for the clematis while it grows unless it is in an area where it can scramble over small trees, walls, shrubs or is used as ground cover. Arbors and pergolas work well for the large-flowered varieties.
    5. Purchase a protective collar that will guard the plant from animals, weed trimmers or lawn mowers. You can use chicken wire or hardware cloth. Place it around the base of the plant.
    6. Underplant the area around the clematis with a ground cover or perennial that has a shallow root system. Clematis thrive with a cool root environment and underplanting provides this. You can also use a layer of mulch that is 2 inches deep.
    7. Wait patiently for the growth during the first season. They grow slowly and may have only a few or no blooms. This is a time when the Nelly Moser establishes its roots.
    8. Fertilize the clematis during the first year to help establish the root system. It is rarely necessary after the first year. Use a 3:1:2 or 4:1:2 ratio fertilizer.
    9. Water the plant weekly to help establish the plant. It needs 1 inch per week either through irrigation or rainfall.

Tips & Warnings

  • When planting clematis with bare roots, soak the roots in a bucket of water for an hour. This fully hydrates the plant and helps it to establish itself quickly.

  • Avoid planting clematis near large trees; they do not grow well in these areas.

How to Grow Calla Lilies Inside

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While they aren’t true lilies, calla lily plants produce single-petal, lily-like flowers on tall stalks. They come in colors ranging from pure white to pink and lavender depending on the variety. A tropical plant native to Africa, calla cannot tolerate frost. Growing them as a potted houseplant protects them from outside temperature fluctuations and allows you to enjoy their graceful flowers indoors. Calla lilies provide dependable indoor color from early summer until fall.



things you’ll need:
  • Pot
  • Potting soil
  • Trowel
  • Fertilizer
  • Shears
    1. Fill a 12- to 16-inch-diameter container with a well-draining potting mixture to within 1 inch of the rim. Water the potting mix until the excess moisture begins to drain from the bottom of the container.
    2. Plant one calla rhizome in the pot, placing it so the growing buds on the root face upward. Set the rhizome so its top is 1 inch beneath the soil surface.
    3. Set the pot in a window that receives full all-day sunlight, such as a south-facing window. Too little light indoors prevents the calla from blooming fully.
    4. Water the calla lilies when the top inch of soil begins to dry. Houseplants dry out more slowly than those growing outdoors, so feel the soil before watering to prevent overwatering.
    5. Fertilize once a month in spring and summer with a soluble fertilizer formulated for flowering bulb plants. Apply at the rate recommended on the fertilizer label.
    6. Gradually allow the soil to dry out in late fall or early winter to force the calla into a dormant rest period. Cut back the foliage to soil level once it yellows and dies back. Store the dormant calla in a dark, 50-degree-Fahrenheit location until spring.
    7. Resume regular watering in spring and move the calla back to its sunny window. Resume fertilization once the plant begins putting on new growth.

How to Grow Calla Lilies in Pots


A flowering potted houseplant, the calla lily (Zantedeschia aethiopica) provides a tropical look to any home. Gardeners also grow the calla lily as an annual garden plant in regions that suffer frosts or inclement winters. In subtropical or tropical locations, the plant will grow as an outdoor perennial. It grows from a bulb, also called a rhizome. A hardy plant, it can withstand a wide range of soil conditions and continues to flourish if it has adequate moisture.

Moderately Easy


things you’ll need:
  • Pot
  • General purpose potting soil
  • Saucer
  • Pruning clippers
    1. Moisten the potting soil before planting the calla lily. The soil should feel moist but not saturated.
    2. Fill the pot 3/4 full with the moist potting soil. Firm the soil into the bottom of the pot with your fingers.
    3. Place the calla lily on top of the potting soil. Make sure the pointed end of the rhizome points straight upward.
    4. Sprinkle moist potting soil around the bulb and across its top. Leave just the tip of the rhizome exposed above the soil level.
    5. Place the calla lily pot in a south-facing window so it receives adequate sunlight. If potting the calla lily for an outdoor garden, choose a sunny location to place the pot in.
    6. Lift the calla lily pot and place it in a saucer of water. Keep the saucer of water full. The calla lily enjoys moist, even waterlogged soil. Water the calla lily from the top of the pot if the top portion of the soil becomes dry to the touch.

Tips & Warnings

  • When grown as an indoor potted plant, the calla lily reaches a height of approximately 36 inches. Outdoor garden plants can attain heights that range from 1 to 5 feet.

  • Calla lilies will bloom approximately eight to 16 weeks after potting the rhizomes.

  • Clip away spent flower heads to encourage further flowering.

  • Remove any leaves that turn yellow or brown and discard.

  • Bring the potted calla lily indoors if a frost is expected or it may suffer damage.

  • Keep the potted calla lily out of the reach of children and pets, because it is toxic if consumed.

How to Grow Calla Lilies


The calla lily is an example of an old world flower that has undergone a transformation through selective cultivation. Originally white, it is now available in a rainbow of colors from palest pink and yellow to deepest purple. Miniature varieties are also popular. A native of South Africa, the calla lily is a favorite in bouquets and has a distinctive wrapped shape that is a welcome note of simplicity in the garden. It is easy to grow and can overwinter outdoors in areas that don’t experience a hard frost (zones 7 to 10). Calla lilies also make interesting and attractive houseplants that add designer appeal to a bare corner.



things you’ll need:
  • Moist, sandy soil

Growing Calla Lilies Outdoors

  1. Plant calla lily tubers, which are similar to bulbs, at a depth of 4 inches in moist, porous soil in spring. Calla lilies do best when kept where the soil is loose and wet.
  2. Make sure that the pointed or tapering end of the tuber is facing up.
  3. Space plants 12 to 14 inches apart.
  4. Provide partial shade in areas that experience hot summers. Locations where hostas thrive are a good location for calla lilies.
  5. Offer plants a layer mulch to help retain moisture.
  6. Water tubers frequently until shoots appear.
  7. Divide established plants in spring.

Growing Calla Lilies Indoors

  1. Fill a deep, 6-inch pot with rich potting soil.
  2. Bury a calla lily tuber to a depth of 4 inches in the pot with the pointed end of the tuber facing upward.
  3. Saturate the potting soil with warm water.
  4. Place the pot in a warm, shady spot until the first calla lily shoots appear.
  5. Gradually introduce the calla lily to a sunny location. In all but the hottest areas, a western or southern exposures should provide enough light.
  6. Keep the pot evenly moist throughout the growing season. If regular watering is a problem, consider installing a wicking system.

Tips & Warnings

  • To help retain moisture, mulch potted calla lilies with a layer of moss, marbles or pebbles.

  • Calla lilies are also known as trumpet lilies.

  • Calla lilies do particularly well in low lying areas near downspouts or other spots that tend to stay muddy or boggy.

  • The scientific name of the calla lily is Zantedeschia and it belongs to the same botanical family as the caladium (elephant ears). Although it is commonly called a lily, it isn’t a member of the lily family.

  • Calla lilies can’t tolerate freezing conditions. In cold climates, bring plants indoors to overwinter.

  • Calla lilies contain calcium oxalate crystals, poisonous compounds that can be dangerous to pets, livestock or children who may accidentally ingest them.

Quinn samples the show Progress; Illinois farmers know how to grow crops

4e5db14d64ba6.preview-300 DECATUR – Gov. Pat Quinn received a warm welcome Tuesday as he made his way through the Farm Progress Show.

Quinn spent about an hour at the show, walking through several exhibits, shaking hands and posing for pictures along the way. Quinn said he wanted to acknowledge the important role agriculture plays in the state.

"It takes your breath away when you see the mighty machines and everything farmers do to bring crops to market," Quinn said as he stopped in front of the Moline-based Deere and Co. machinery. "Illinois farmers know how to grow crops."

Quinn welcomed visitors from Illinois to the show and, at one point, shook hands with a man who said he was from Indiana. The governor said bringing in visitors from all over the country is an important benefit of hosting the show.

Quinn also visited the Farm Credit Services tent, stopped at the Illinois Farm Bureau exhibit and drank a glass of lemonade from Country Financial Services. At the Archer Daniels Midland Co. display, Quinn chatted with Director of Feed Technology Mike Cecava about the company’s corn stover research.

Corn stover is the plant’s stalks, cobs and leaves, which ADM is trying to develop as an alternate for cattle feed.

Quinn noted that he had met with ADM Chairman, President and CEO Patricia Woertz in July to discuss the state’s business climate and ways to help the company grow and expand.

"Illinois is built on a solid agricultural foundation, and I understand great companies started in Illinois," he said. "If we work together in the Midwest, we can feed the whole world."

Quinn walked with Illinois Farm Bureau President Philip Nelson during his visit. Farm Progress Co. President Jeff Lapin said politicians such as Quinn are always welcome to stop by the show.

"This is America’s biggest showcase for agriculture," Lapin said. "We want them to see what’s going on our stage and support farmers. We hope they come away with support of agriculture."

The visit was a chance for the governor to see what’s happening around Richland Community College, said Doug Brauer, Richland vice president of economic development.

"He recognizes the importance of agriculture, and his coming here to see the products and all the people acknowledges agriculture is really the mainstay," Brauer said.

Quinn also addressed his desire not to raise utility rates and said he is still awaiting the gambling expansion bill from the state Senate for his consideration. He said he will thoroughly review the bill once he gets it but has not decided whether he will sign it.

Read more: Quinn samples the show Progress; Illinois farmers know how to grow crops

Wheat prices improve as US maize fears grow


Strong export demand for UK wheat and ongoing concerns for the US maize crop have driven wheat prices higher again this week.

The London feed wheat futures November 2011 contract closed at £174/t on Tuesday (30 August), up about £5/t on last week’s two-month high. Domestic markets followed gains in the US, where a crop survey suggested yields in the western Corn Belt would be insufficient to compensate for those in eastern areas. The survey pegged the US maize crop at 317m tonne, 11m tonne below the US Department of Agriculture estimate.

The International Grains Council also reduced its estimate for the 2011/12 global maize crop on the back of poorer US yield prospects, to 849m tonne, some 10m tonne less than last month. This outweighed a predicted 3m tonne increase in the world wheat crop, to 677m tonne, largely due to better than expected yields in Europe, Russia and China.

Adding to the bullish sentiment, traders here have reported renewed export activity after the summer lull and good buying interest for UK wheat to the near continent. Gleadell said that recent rain across France and Germany had resulted in more wheat being downgraded to feed quality, although the Ukraine and Russia had potential to produce more quality wheat this season.

But uncertainty over the exact size of crops that could be available from Black Sea regions, combined with ongoing worries about the fragile state of the economic recovery, have kept the finely balanced markets nervous.

Vietnamese develops new method to grow eucalyptus

20110725162452_Vietnamese develops new method to grow eucalyptus VietNamNet Bridge – Cao Dinh Hung, a PhD University student in Australia, has been successful in developing a new method of using synthetic seeds to grow native eucalyptus and African mahogany trees, which are traditionally difficult to propagate from graft cuttings.

Hung worked with Professor Stephen Trueman for three long years in the university laboratory, experimenting in the use of synthetic seeds to grow eucalyptus and African mahogany tree saplings. Both the species are difficult to propagate using traditional methods of grafting.
The study has now been published in the professional journal, Plant Cell Tissue and Organ of the Netherlands.
This process of propagation is considered simpler and more economical, involving a small tree bud being inserted into a gel bead. After treatment in the laboratory, the bead grows new shoots and roots and can be propagated in nurseries. After this stage, the saplings with 4-6 nodes, are split into single nodes and nurtured into full grown trees.
This method is simple yet effective, since any number of trees can be created within a four week cycle.
According to Hung, the node cutting method is used mainly for species like bamboos, sugarcane and cassava. No-one has ever applied it for eucalyptus as this tree does not have internodes.   
A sample of his study is a hybrid variety of eucalyptus with scientific name Corymbia torelliana x C. citriodora, which has very high productivity, quick growth rate and fierce resistance against pests and harsh weather. It provides high quality timber for construction, paper making, interior decorating and the leaves can be used to extract essential oil.

20110725162452_Vietnamese develops new method to grow eucalyptus 2

This is now being experimentally planted in tropical and semi-tropical areas of Australia and already showing good growth and resistance to outside conditions. For Hung, since most eucalyptus in Vietnam is imported from Australia, the prospect of applying his study to growing this species would help fight deforestation and erosion in his country.
Australia has 900,000 hectares of eucalyptus plantations and Vietnam has 600,000 hectares, putting them in the world’s top 10 nations with maximum area under eucalyptus plantation.
Cao Dinh Hung was born on November 5, 1974 in the central city of Thua Thien–Hue. He received his Bachelor’s degree in Biology from Hue University of Science and in a Foreign Language from Hue University College of Education. After a period research at the Tay Nguyen Biology Institute and teaching at a university in the highland province of Lam Dong, he received a scholarship to study in Australia. He then obtained a Master’s degree from Sydney University of Technology. Last June, he completed his PhD from Sunshine Coats University in Australia. Hung is a well respected scientist today and has had many breakthrough studies in the field of forestry and is appreciated in Australia and Vietnam alike.

How to Grow a Cymbidium Orchid


There are many types and species of Orchids. Growing the beautiful Cymbidium Orchid is relatively easy. These beautiful flowers are versatile in color and will brighten any room. The Cymbidium Orchid is widely used for corsages, recognized for the color they portray.

Moderately Easy


things you’ll need:
  • Fir bark soil mixture
  • mildly lit area
  • 25-9-9 fertilizer
  • 6-25-25 fertilizer
  • water
    1. Plant your Cymbidium orchid in a medium sized pot. If you live in a very warm summery climate, you can plant your orchid outdoors. In mild climates use a coarse fir bark soil mixture, in warmer climates, use a finer mixture. Either climate requires a well drained soil. Don’t allow to become too moist, nor dried.

    2. Choose an area that is well lit but has indirect sunlight. The hot afternoon sun will be too harsh for your Cymbidium orchid. If you notice the leaves of your orchid turning yellow, it may be getting too much sunlight. If the leaves turn a very dark shade of green, your orchid may need more light.
    3. Water your Cymbidium orchid lightly. Water it roughly every 7-10 days. Take care not to allow the soil to become too moist or too dry. Do not water daily.

    4. Two types of fertilizer are ideal for the Cymbidium orchid. During the months of Feb-July, use a high nitrogen fertilizer(25-9-9). During the months of Aug- Jan use a low nitrogen fertilizer like (6-25-25).

Tips & Warnings

  • You can split up the fertilizer dose and administer over a few days.

  • Every 2nd-3rd year, transplanting your Cymbidium orchid between Feb-June.

How to Buy & Grow Green Cymbidium Orchids


Cymbidium orchids are large plants with grassy foliage and huge blooms. The flowers are often used in corsages and as cut flowers. Cymbidium orchids are commonly cultivated outdoors in warm climates like Florida and Texas. They need to be moved indoors when temperatures drop below 29 degrees Fahrenheit and will not tolerate snow or ice on the plant. The cymbidium orchid does need a cycle of cooler nights and warm days to express flowering. These conditions can be mimicked in the greenhouse or are natural to the climate in some of the southern states of the U.S. The green cymbidiium is a pistachio color with burgundy and pink throats.

Moderately Easy


things you’ll need:
  • Internet access
  • Email account
  • Credit card
  • Computer
  • Transportation
  • Phone
  • Green cymbidium orchid
  • Orchid potting mix
  • Orchid pot
  • Watering can
  • Balanced liquid fertilizer
  • Insecticide soap
  • Sterile gardening knife

Buying the Green Cymbidium Orchid

  1. Search the Internet for a green cymbidium orchid plant or flask. The online yellow pages can link you to specialty garden stores in your area which might carry the plant. Then it will be as simple as driving to pick it up. The Cymbidium Society of America has a website which can help direct you to retailers and a web search can turn up purveyors.
  2. Verify the qualifications of any orchid supplier with the CSA or your local college extension service. Sterile practices must be followed when making flasks or baby orchid plants. Reputable breeders and dealers follow such practices but there are hobbyists and others that may not adhere to proper breeding practices.
  3. Check the health of the plant before you buy. Make sure it has not outgrown its pot, that the leaves are unspotted and green, there are no insect pests and the roots are in the potting medium. In the case of flasked plants the roots may be visible since it is being fed with agar and nutrient solution. Make sure the roots are firm and not discolored. Visually check the overall health of the rest of the plant.

Caring for Green Cymbidium Orchids

  1. Fill the orchid pot to half full with orchid soil. Take the orchid out of its nursery pot, being very careful with the roots and delicate flower stems. Settle the cymbidium into the pot and fill up the rest of the way with the orchid mix. Place the pot in a sink and water until the liquid is running freely from the drainage holes. In the summer water in this manner two to three times a week; in the winter you need to water only once a week.
  2. Place the pot outdoors in the summer months or keep them in a warm greenhouse at least 70 degrees Fahrenheit. Frequent watering will leach important nutrition from the soil, so you need to fertilize every two weeks from January to July with a balanced liquid fertilizer. Follow the dilution directions on the package. The remainder of the year you need to fertilize only once per month. Watch your orchid for signs of pests and use an insecticide soap at the first sign of insects.
  3. Provide partial shade when the flowers begin to emerge. Full sun conditions can scald the edges of the flowers and ruin the appearance of the blooms. The plant can be moved under the shade of a tree in the outdoors or moved to a northern window in the greenhouse. Add ice cubes to the soil every night in August to stimulate the formation of flowers.
  4. Transplant the cymbidium orchid when the growth has reached the edge of the pot and new growth is forming. This will be in roughly three years. If you wish to repot in the same size pot you will need to divide the plant. A sterile knife can be used to cut the plant in half. Make certain to save at least two to three good bulbs and some greenery. Repot as usual.

Cymbidium Orchids That Will Grow Well Outside in Tennessee


  • Cymbidium orchids bloom in profuse clusters, with up to 20 large flowers on each stem. Five soft petals that surround a protruding "lip" on this exotic flower bloom in numerous color combinations. This hardy orchid prefers to be outdoors for at least part of the year. In Tennessee, put your cymbidium orchid outdoors in a partially shaded location when nighttime temperatures rise above 40 degrees; bring it inside when temperatures drop below 40.

Standard Cymbidium Orchid

  • The standard cymbidium orchid produces long stalks covered in large, colorful flowers. The flower stalks tower over long, swordlike leaves that grow up to 3 feet long. "Black Panther Cabernet" is an example of a standard cymbidium orchid that grows well outdoors in Tennessee. This orchid bears deep burgundy flowers with a white-and-burgundy lip. Another variety, "Joan’s Charisma Vanity," has large white flowers with fuchsia markings on the lip. Because of their size and prolific blooms, cymbidium orchids will need fertilizer twice a month at half the strength recommended on the package.

Miniature Cymbidium Orchids

  • Miniature cymbidiums are as attractive as the standard variety, but grow only to 2 feet tall; the flower stalks reach up to twice that height. While not as large as standard cymbidium flowers, miniature cymbidium blossoms can be up to 3 inches wide and are often fragrant. "Blanche Ames Geyserland," with bright yellow flowers, is good choice for your Tennessee landscape. "Kusuda Shining VE Day" is a miniature cymbidium with fragrant, reddish-orange flowers. Like all cymbidium cultivars, these miniature orchid plants need indirect, bright light and high humidity.

Cascading Cymbidium Orchid

  • These orchid plants are compact with arching stems that spill over the sides of the container in a colorful display. The flower spikes grow up to 3 feet long and are so densely covered with flowers that you may not see the container beneath them. Cascading cymbidium orchids are ideal for hanging containers in your Tennessee garden. "Geno’s Gem Emerald Fire" is a cascading orchid with green flowers displaying a red lip. "Dorothy Stockstill Forgotten Fruit" boasts rust-colored petals with yellow markings and creamy margins, and a dark-red, almost purple, lip. Like most cymbidiums, cascading orchids need soil that is moist, but not wet.