Bonsai Pruning

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One controls the shape and growth of the bonsai by pruning limbs and foliage that fall outside of the overall design. While this is done by removing new growth, it is important not to remove all at once as this will affect the health of the tree. Pruning will achieve three main results: One, it…


Bonsai Wiring

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Wiring a bonsai tree is done to hold branches in place and train them into new shapes. It is sometimes believed that wiring is used to keep the plant small, but this is not the case. By holding the branches and trunk temporarily in place, it is possible to achieve the various styles of bonsai…


Re-Potting Bonsai

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As all plants grow, their root systems become more extensive and spread out through the soil. With plants in a container, the roots will reach the boundaries of the pot, filling the soil and choking off the supply of water and nutrients to the plant. When this happens, it has said the pot has become…


Displaying Bonsai

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Most Bonsai, with perhaps the exception of tropic or sub-tropic varieties, will need to spend almost their entire time outdoors. It will sometimes be desirable, however, to bring the bonsai indoors and appreciate its beauty. In Japan, a particularly stunning bonsai will be brought indoors and put on display when an honored guest is expected.…


Formal Upright Bonsai Style

Formal Upright Bonsai Style Called Chokkan in Japanese, the formal upright style is based on a tree that has grown in the open under perfect conditions. It is the basis for all bonsai styles. The trunk is perfectly straight and upright, tapering evenly to the top. The branches are in a conical shape, spaced evenly…


Informal Upright Bonsai Style

Informal Upright Bonsai Style Also called Moyogi, the Informal Upright incorporates trunks and branches with pronounced bends, simulating a tree in the wild that changes direction from the wind or to move towards the sunlight. The trunk is still tapered as in the formal upright, but makes a bend to the right or left which…


Slanting Bonsai Style

Similar to the Informal Upright style, the Slanting, or Shakan bonsai represents a tree that has grown at an angle due to exposure to the elements when young. The trunk of Slanting style bonsai may be straight like the Formal Upright or bend as in the Informal style, but the apex of the tree will…


Cascade and Semi-Cascade Bonsai Style

In the Kengai, or Cascade style, the tree grows up from the soil, then grows down past the edge of the container. With a thin, twisting trunk, the tree may remind the viewer of water rolling down a hillside. Unlike other styles, in which the tree is planted towards one edge of the pot, the…


Watering Bonsai

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One of the main causes of damage or even death in Bonsai is incorrect watering techniques. The most immediate and obvious effect of improper watering is under-watering; simply put, a bonsai whose soil mix dries out will die. A plant that is over-watered will not be as noticeably in danger; the effects of the health…


Bonsai Fertilizer

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There are three basic nutrients that a plant needs to thrive: nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium. Organic soils can have these nutrients washed out of them, and often inorganic soils may not have them to begin with. It can be assured that the plant is getting enough of these nutrients by the application of fertilizer. While…


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