ACANTHACEAE – Megaskepasma- Megaskepasma erythrochlamys

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ACANTHACEAE ACANTHUS FAMILY CLOCK – VINE FAMILY Acanthaceae includes approximately 256 genera of perennial herbs, shrubs, and climbers, which are widely distributed in warm tem- perate an tropical regions. Leaves are in opposite pairs, often at right angles to the pair above and below (decussate) an stems are often 4 – angled. Flowers are bisexual…


APOCYNACEAE – Odontadenia – Odontadenia macrantha

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APOCYNACEAE Oleander family Apocynaceae includes approxi-mately 355 genera of herbs, shrubs, trees, and climbers distributed wordwide, with greatest diversity  in the tropics. Characteristics in-clude a milky latex sap and complex flowers. Recent cevisions include the genera traditionally segregated in to Asclepiadaceae in this family. For the convenience of readers more familiar with this arrange –…


BORAGINACEAE – Echium – candicans, decaisnei, judaicum, nervosum, wildpretii

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BORAGINACEAE Borage familly Boraginaceae includes approximately 117 genera of trees, shrubs, herbs, and a few woody climbers distributed from the tropics to temperate zones. A few species are used as culinary or medicinal herbs, and certain larger tree species are cut for timber. Leaves are usually simple, often narrow, sometimes hairy or scaly, sometimes rough…


ACANTHACEAE – Fittonia- Fittonia verschaffeltii

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ACANTHACEAE ACANTHUS FAMILY CLOCK – VINE FAMILY Acanthaceae includes approximately 256 genera of perennial herbs, shrubs, and climbers, which are widely distributed in warm tem- perate an tropical regions. Leaves are in opposite pairs, often at right angles to the pair above and below (decussate) an stems are often 4 – angled. Flowers are bisexual…


BROMELIACEAE -Alcantarea – Alcantarea glaziouana – Alcantarea imperialis

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BROMELIACEAE Pineapple family Bromeliaceae includes approximately 56 genera of terrestrial to epipphytic herbs of mild temperate and tropical America, plus a single species of Picairnia from western Africa. The leaves are strap – or sword – shaped, commonly in basal whols, often guttered, with a water – collecting reservoir in the center, or sometimes in…


ACANTHACEAE – Mackaya – Mackaya bella

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ACANTHACEAE ACANTHUS FAMILY CLOCK – VINE FAMILY Acanthaceae includes approximately 256 genera of perennial herbs, shrubs, and climbers, which are widely distributed in warm tem- perate an tropical regions. Leaves are in opposite pairs, often at right angles to the pair above and below (decussate) an stems are often 4 – angled. Flowers are bisexual…


BIXACEAE – Bixa – Bixa orellana

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BIXACEAE Bixa family Bixaceae includes a single genus of small tree from tropical America. Some authors place this species in Cochlospermaceae, but it is distinguished by its simple, unlobed leaves. Flowers are bisexual and radially symmetrical with numerous stamens, 5 sepals, and 5 petals. The inflorescence is a panicle produced at the end of the…


BRASSICACEAE – Cleome – Cleome hassleriana

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BRASSICACEAE CRUCIFER FAMILY, CAPER FAMILY Brassicaceae includes approximately 420 genera of herbs, shrubs, and trees, which are widely distributed, with greatest diversity in Asia, the Mediterranean, and North America. Genera traditionally in the caper family, Capparidaceae, are now includes in Brassicaceae. Several species are culinary condiments, oils and vegetables. sulfur compounds impart the typically pungent…


ALSTROEMERIACEAE – Alstroemeria – Alstroemeria caryophyllaea – Alstroemeria hybrids – Alstroemeria psittacina

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ALS TROEMERIACEAE Alstroemeria family Alstroemeriaceae includes 5 genera of rhizomatous and tuberous herbs from the Andes and Central America. They are plants of montane tropical regions, generally preferring moderate temperatures. Leavers are on a stem. Secondary veins run parallel to the midvein. A  twist in the  petiole in verts the leaf blade. Flowers have 3…


ALISMATACEAE -Hydrocleys – Hydrocleys nymphoides

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ALISMATACEAE Water plantain family Alismataceae uncludes approxi – mately 16 genera of aquatic herbs, which are widely distributed in tropical and temperate regions.  This family was assumed to be primitive because of thu numerous stamens, but current thought is that the group is more highly evolved. The plants have tuberous roots or rhi-zomes and a…


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