Bird-of-paradise are popular tropical plants that produce striking flowers at the top of long stalks. They can be grown indoors or outdoors, so long as the correct warm climate is maintained. Growing a bird-of-paradise indoors can be easy, and several simple steps will help the plant flourish inside a home or greenhouse. It may take a while to get this plant to bloom, but with proper care, it should bloom eventually.
Difficulty: Moderately Easy
Find a location for the plant. According to the National Gardening Association, bird-of-paradise can be grown indoors as long as they are in a sunny and warm location. Make sure the plant will have plenty of room for tall stalks as it gets larger. Blooms can grow up to 5 feet tall, so make sure there is space to accommodate a large plant in the future.
Water the plant regularly. A bird-of-paradise plant should be watered whenever the soil is dry to the touch.
Fertilize the bird of paradise. Use a 1-1-1 ratio slow-release fertilizer regularly. The National Gardening Association suggests applying a small amount of fertilizer to young plants every two weeks during spring and summer and every month during fall and winter. Older plants should be fertilized only when their leaves begin to look pale, otherwise they will grow lots of foliage but be less likely to bloom.
Clean the leaves. Remove dust from the leaves of the plant by wiping with a damp sponge.
Groom the plant. Using the clippers, cut off yellow or dead foliage regularly.
Re-pot the plant. The National Gardening Association recommends re-potting bird-of-paradise with fresh soil every spring and then re-potting them in 12-inch pots once they are large enough (when the roots run out of room in the pot or when the plant begins to get too heavy and off balance in a small pot). Once the plants are in 12-inch pots, they do not need to be re-potted every spring, but a layer of new soil should be applied on top of old soil once a year.
Keep watering, fertilizing, and grooming the bird-of-paradise. It should continue to grow successfully indoors for many years. Eventually the plant will produce long stalks with beautiful blooms.
In a climate with dramatic seasons, bird-of-paradise can be kept outside during summer and moved indoors for winter.
Be patient. Bird-of-paradise are usually 5 years old before their first bloom.