Camellias are broad-leaved evergreen shrubs that grow up to 12 to 25 feet tall and produce showy, colorful flowers. Camellias grow in hardiness zones 6 through 8. They prefer partial shade and rich, well-draining, slightly acidic soil with a pH level between 5.5 and 6.5. According to the North Carolina State University Cooperative Extension Service, two popular camellia species are Camellia japonica and C. sasanqua; other species include C. oleifera and C. reticulata.
- According to the Clemson University Cooperative Extension, the best time to plant camellias is from mid-October to mid-November and mid-March to mid-April. Camellia varieties bloom from fall through early spring. Early varieties, such as Pink Perfection, bloom in November, and late varieties, such as Betty Scheffield Supreme, bloom in April and May.
- Camellia japonica cultivars, such as Pink Perfection, produce single, semi-double, or double white, pink, or red flowers that measure 3 to 5 inches in diameter. Camellia sasanqua cultivars, such as Egoa, usually bear fragrant single white flowers that measure 2 or 3 inches in diameter.
- According to the Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service, insufficient watering can cause buds to drop in the summer. Protect camellias from direct sunlight and add 2 or 3 inches of mulch to preserve soil moisture.