Echinacea, also known as coneflowers, are perennial plants that produce dark green leaves and pink, yellow, purple or white flowers. They bloom in the midsummer until the first frost takes the blooms, and provide the garden with a vibrant dash of color. Pruning echinacea ensures bright blooms the following year.
Difficulty: Moderately Easy
Wait until the flowers of the echinacea are spent and withered. This occurs after the first frost.
Cut off any spent flowers directly below the flowerhead using a pair of sharp garden shears. You may see some new flowers that are on the verge of blooming and those should be left where they are to encourage growth in the summer.
Cut off any withered or damaged leaves at the point where they join the plant.
Echineacea produces seeds that are food sources for birds. To feed the birds over the winter, avoid pruning the echinacea and allow the birds to eat the seedheads.