How to Plant Lilies of the Valley


Lilies of the valley (Convallaria majalis) grow to heights of approximately 6 to 8 inches and feature delicate white flowers with deep green foliage. You may plant lily of the valley rhizomes in the fall or spring, as long as they are planted soon after you obtain them, as they may dry out and die. Plant lilies of the valley in a well-drained location that receives morning sun, and monitor the soil to ensure it doesn’t dry out.

Difficulty: Moderately Easy


Things You’ll Need:

  • Spade
  • Compost
  • 5-10-10 fertilizer
  1. Loosen the soil in the planting area with a spade. Work the soil to a depth of 10 inches.

  2. Mix compost into the worked soil.

  3. Dig holes in the amended soil, one for each lily of the valley rhizome. Space holes 2 inches apart, and make them 3 inches deep.

  4. Place one rhizome in each hole, then carefully cover them with soil.

  5. Water the lilies of the valley thoroughly. After the initial watering, water only enough to keep the soil moist, but not soggy.

  6. Apply a 5-10-10 fertilizer during the springtime, after lily of the valley shoots poke through the soil.

Tips & Warnings

  • The flowers and leaves of lily of the valley are poisonous, so exercise care when determining an appropriate location for your plant. Avoid planting in areas frequented by children or pets.

  • When fertilizing your lawn, keep the sprayer or spreader away from your lily of the valley–excessive nitrogen hinders the flowering process.

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