The word bonsai means “tree planted in a tray”. Thus bonsai trees are miniature versions of larger trees. Their height can range from a few inches to a few feet. Like regular trees, bonsai trees can also bear flowers and fruits. Bonsai trees are of two types: indoor and outdoor. The indoor plants are adapted well enough to survive in an indoor setting.
These indoor plants are of the tropical or subtropical variety. They should be placed in a spot where they can get some sunlight in the morning and shade in the afternoon. Care should be taken to avoid exposing them to too much sunlight. Outdoor bonsai trees are further divided into two groups. The first group consists of the evergreen trees. These trees retain their foliage no matter what the season is. They usually undergo a dormancy period during winter when a yellow tinge is created around their leaves. The second group consists of deciduous trees like elms and maples. These trees shed their leaves during autumn and re-bud at spring time. Deciduous bonsai trees are not well-suited to being grown indoors. There are many types of bonsai trees but they all have one thing in common. All of them need specific care if they are to thrive. They need to be protected from both excessive cold as well as excessive heat. Also, levels of humidity have to be monitored in order topromote the specific humidity level. A bonsai tree can be shaped and moulded according to one’s desire but while pruning it, a nice distribution of branches should be kept over the roots to keep the tree healthy and complete. Bonsai trees require more watering than most plants because they are grown in smaller amount of soil. Fertilising and feeding the tree is also important. The fertiliser should contain chelated iron, nitrogen, phosphoric acid and potash. Taking care of a bonsai tree is not a task for amateurs. They are unusual trees and require unusual care.