Well in this article I will show you various aspects of pruning a bonsai. We would need to master pruning techiques in order to give a beautiful shape to our bonsai trees.
There are basically two aspects of pruning namely branch pruning and root pruning.
Branch pruning is the activity of cutting down leaves, branches of the bonsai in order to give them the desired shape. Root pruning involves cutting down excessive root growth of the bonsai plant.
It is very important to understand as to what to cut while carrying out the branch pruning exercise. Here is a list of guidelines you could use to carry out your branch pruning exercise.
For deciduous plants with larger leaves you might consider trimming down the size of the leaves to make it smaller.
You could either remove all the leaves in one session or do it in three to four sessions spaced in an interval of couple of weeks.
Root pruning is of paramount importance in bonsai maintenance. It ensures that the bonsai grows in the restricted area of the pot, and yet looks like a full grown outdoor tree.
The general question that comes to people’s mind is how often should I root prune my plant?
Well to answer this question you would need to have the following things in mind
Generally lack of growth and loss of vigor in the bonsai plant can be considered as a precursor for carrying out the root pruning exercise.
Root pruning should generally be carried out during the dormant season of the plant so as to minimize the stress on the bonsai tree.
For plants which grow well in moderate climates you should consider root pruning during the early spring season or during late spring. Bonsai species which do well in tropical climate should be root pruned during the period of slow growth.
Just as word of caution: bonsai pruning has far reaching effects on the general well being of the bonsai plant so if not done properly; you could end up doing more harm than good to your tree. Hence do ensure that you understand the pros and cons thoroughly while carrying out bonsai pruning.