Bonsai or dwarfed potted plants are some of the world’s most amazing creations. It is important to note that these are living things like us. They need proper care and nurturing to help them live a longer a life. Similar to people, plants also need shelter, water, sunlight and food. You can feed your bonsai with fertilizer and give them vitamins too. Most bonsai owners neglect the fact that fertilizers are one of the factors that affect the growth and overall existence of your plant. If you are committed to growing your bonsai plant then you need to be aware of what fertilizer you should use as well as how often you should carry out fertilization of soil.
Let us begin by understanding the basics of fertilizer. Commercial fertilizers have three elements; Nitrogen, Phosphorous and Potassium. Some other trace elements often found in fertilizer include ferrum, zinc and manganese. Experts advise that when fertilizing soil for bonsai trees the most significant rule is to never give fertilizer to your plant when it is under stress. By under stress I mean that your plant may be suffering from over-watering, under-watering or under attack by disease or pests. It is also not a good idea to fertilize your bonsai immediately after you have trimmed its roots.
Take note also that when preparing to fertilize your Bonsai there are many different species of plants and each of them have different needs. You will need to be certain that you are using the correct fertilizer for your species of Bonsai. Bonsai fertilizers can be classified as either organic or inorganic.
There are many common bonsai fertilizers around. One of the best known, all round fertilizers is Peter’s 20-20-20. Be careful when using this fertilizer on Azalea plants because it will reduce acidity within the soil, which will have a negative impact on your tree. For acid loving plants, you can use Miracid. This has chelated iron that helps in reducing chlorosis. Another fertilizer is Osmocote, which comes in the form of tiny golden balls. This contains magnesium and zinc, though this fertilizer needs to be applied at 70˚F to help it properly break down into the soil.
Many plant lovers also use fish emulsion – although it is a little smelly! This is an organic bonsai fertilizer that aids your plant’s growth. This special type of fertilizer is perfect for tropical bonsai’s. When your tree is almost at its peak in reaching its maximum potential in generating beauty, you can use feed cakes. These are squares or cakes utilized by many Japanese and Western bonsai enthusiasts. This can help in rejuvenate your plant’s physical appearance.
Remember that you do not have to fertilize your plant every single day. For instance during the summer, you may need to wait until the temperatures have moderated before applying again.
Fertilizing your Bonsai is a necessary step in caring for your tree. Make sure you understand the needs of your tree before purchasing your fertilizer. Contact you local garden center for expert advice.