Pine is one of the most popular tree species chosen for bonsai, i.e. the art of growing short ornamental versions of otherwise large trees, in various parts of the world. Pine bonsai tree doesn’t succumb to irregular watering and, more importantly, it needs to be pruned only once or twice a year. These and other such pine bonsai tree facts make it an ideal choice for bonsai art, especially for the beginners. Some of the most preferred pine bonsai species include Japanese white pine bonsai tree, Mugo pine bonsai tree, Black pine bonsai etc.
Pine Bonsai Tree Care
The foremost thing to remember, when growing pine bonsai trees for beginners is that it should be planted in a deep pot, unlike most of the other bonsai tree species. This makes sure that the roots of the tree grow longer and give proper support to the tree. It will require re-potting, once in a while, as its roots become stronger with time. Ideally, a pine bonsai can be re-potted once every four years, however, we recommend you to re-pot your tree every two years for its proper growth. Ideal time of the year to execute re-potting is in spring. Here are some more tried and tested measures to take care of your pine bonsai tree species.
Sunlight and Temperature
Sunlight is one of the most important requirement for the pine bonsai tree species, as it helps in keeping the needle like leaves of the tree short. You will have to place your tree at such a place wherein it will get ample sunlight. Pine bonsai trees can easily sustain varying temperatures. Generally, they require a temperature ranging between 65 -70 degrees Fahrenheit, however they can even survive temperatures as high as 80 degrees Fahrenheit with immense ease.
Soil and Water
As far as watering the pine bonsai tree is concerned, it is always better to keep the conditions a bit on the drier side. More importantly, the roots of some pine bonsai species, like the Japanese white pine bonsai tree, are more susceptible to rotting in moist conditions, and hence one should make sure that the soil used is well drained, so that water retention is avoided. Ideal soil composition for pine bonsai would be Â¼ sphagnum, Â¼ pine bark, and remaining grit. Inclusion of pine bark will also facilitate the growth of a particular variety of fungus which provides the required nutrition to the tree. Ideally, a significant break from watering will give the tree the time to dry. This will in turn help in keeping the needle like leaves short.
Pine Bonsai Pruning
Pine bonsai pruning is largely dependent on the growth pattern of the tree. The best time to prune pine bonsai trees is autumn or spring, i.e. the period in which the growth of the tree decreases considerably. This also help in avoiding sap loss which can be harmful for the tree. One has to be careful with pine bonsai pruning, as excessive pruning and lack of significant recovery time can result in hampering the growth of the tree.
This was brief information about pine bonsai trees in general. One should also understand that the different species of pine bonsai need different care. For instance, an important attribute of White pine bonsai tree care is that it should be planted in a deep pot so that the roots can grow longer and become strong enough to bear the weight of the entire tree. However, this may not be the same Scots pine bonsai care, which grows in a literati style, with branches sporting a balanced horizontal spread.