Bonsai gardening is one of the most dramatic plants to introduce to your garden, whether it be indoors , out, black pine bonsai, Trident ,Serissamaple bonsai ginseng ficus or Willow and Black pine . The word bonsai is Japanese and it means â€œpotted plant.â€
Mention of the word bonsai brings Japan to mind for most of us. Indeed, the Japanese people have been cultivating bonsai trees since the ninth century.
The country of Japan is actually a collection of very small islands, more than 1,500 of them. On these tiny islands, there isnâ€™t room for much of anything that is of enormous size. This compactness of available space is believed to be one reason bonsai gardening plant cultivation is so widespread in Japan.
In spite of the way most people associate bonsai and Japan, it was actually the Chinese who shared their Growing bonsai secrets with the Japanese more than 1,000 years ago.
European hornbeam bonsai
Imperial China shared its secrets of pen-zai (potted plant) and pen-jing (tray scenery) with Japanese travelers who then honed the Chinese techniques to new levels of aesthetics and skill. Itâ€™s these tips on how to grow bonsai tree that is most admired throughout the world today.
Perhaps the most valuable of all on how to make and care
for bonsai is to remember that the cultivation techniques all lead to the deliberate dwarfing of a tree that would reach normal size if allowed to grow freely in its natural setting. Essentially any species of tree can be used in bonsai.
There are some species of tree like Mini ,Bonsai oak tree olive banyan bonsai tree bonsai tree, however, that are preferred over others due mostly to their natural growth characteristics.
Bonsai trees can be purchased at many gift shops and garden centers but many of them are not actually cultivated in the bonsai fashion. Instead, they are poorly developed, mass-produced replicas that are often growing in inappropriate containers or soil. These poorly tended plants often suffer during shipping and handling and often die soon after purchase.
Soil composition is a must for gardening bonsai Azalea and that cannot be trivialized expect maybe Schefflera, Jack Pine . These tiny trees receive all their nutrients from the very small amount of soil in which they are planted so it is critically important that the soil be of the very best composition for bonsai roots.
For best results, plant a bonsai in a porous mixture of loam, coarse sand, and peat moss or compost. This soil mixture provides vital nutrients and adequate drainage.
One of the trickiest bonsai Maple planting to master is proper watering. These lovely trees in miniature are very particular about watering. Too much water quickly leads to root rot and fungal infection, either of which can prove deadly to the tree.
It is equally harmful to allow a bonsai to go too long between waterings. The tiny bonsai leaves quickly dry out and the small amount of soil itâ€™s planted in cannot hold much moisture for long. Most successful bonsai gardeners gently mist their trees every day, taking care to include the ground around the base of the tree in the misting process.
Frequent repotting is important for gardening bonsai , too. These little trees quickly become root bound, especially in the first few years when they are becoming established. Itâ€™s recommended to remove them from their pots every two years in the springtime, very gently trim away any excess roots, and replant in fresh soil.
The bonsai repotting regimen will encourage new feeder roots that will replace the older roots that are pruned away. These new bonsai roots will grow with vigor in the nutritious new soil, thereby strengthening the entire tree.
Bonsai gardening takes time, practice, and a very gentle touch to master this ancient Japanese art but many bonsai gardening enthusiasts consider it a labor of love.