Watering a bonsai requires proper knowledge and skill. It is not just about watering them, but also knowing the needs of your bonsai plant. Cultivating a bonsai plant is not just like any ordinary plant to grow. Bonsai needs patience and care, creativity, and proper supplication of their needs such as sunlight, nutrients, and sufficient amounts of water for them to grow healthily.
Adequate knowledge is necessary to become successful in propagation of a bonsai tree. Watering a bonsai is one of the most important things you should provide sufficiently to the growing bonsai plant. Here are six basic things you should know about watering a bonsai:
1) Significance of water. Water is very important to a bonsai plant because this keeps the bonsai well hydrated. Sufficient amounts of water will allow proper growth of your bonsai plant. It also helps to supply nutrients from the soil to the bonsai, as water is absorbed through the fine roots. Water can also help the bonsai plant to remove build up of salts.
2) Water your bonsai plant in the morning. Ideally, watering bonsai plants should be done in the morning because during day the sun shines bright light, and this will promote faster growth for your bonsai plant. This will also allow water to dry before it reaches night and prevent fungal infestation in the roots. Unlike when you water during midday, the water droplets left on the leaves will serve as lens, thus promoting burns in the leaves.
3) Frequency of watering a bonsai. The bonsai plant is not watered on a scheduled basis but you need to consider when the bonsai plant needs water. The frequency of watering a bonsai plant is determined through observation of the soil. You can check the soil through digging about a few centimeters, and when you noticed that it is dry, you can now pour water in it.
4) Hoses and watering cans. The very basic thing you should know is the use of proper containers in watering a bonsai plant. You can use water hose or watering cans that has fine nozzle to prevent the soil from washing out of the pot.
5) Right soil composition. The components of the soil where your bonsai is planted should be considered. Some soils have the capacity to retain water and others facilitate water drainage. You should ask from a reliable bonsai grower about the right components of the soil for your bonsai plant because soil is a very important factor to consider in watering a bonsai. Soil can cause underwatering or overwatering of your bonsai plant that would probably lead to withering or root rot.
6) High temperature and sunlight. Environments that have high temperature and exposure of bonsai to direct sunlight enhance water evaporation and transpiration from plants. You should make sure that your bonsai plant is exposed to a bright light during the day as this aid in optimal growth. But keep it from getting exposed to sunlight during noontime because this enhances water evaporation. You can place the bonsai plant under the shade especially during middle of the day.