Bonsai Chinese elm is one of the best miniature trees that can be propagated by beginners and expert in bonsai propagation. Chinese Elm is a deciduous, semi-evergreen tree species that can grow as high as sixty feet. It bears apetalous small flowers during early part of autumn. During fall, it bears a fruit that has one seed in its center. Its fruits have elliptic to ovate-elliptic shape. Its leaves are colored with dark green and they are thick and small, and they have a glossy top. Chinese elms have slender trunk and they have flaking barks with grey spots. These features of Chinese elm make them very good miniature trees.
You have to take note of how to take good care of your bonsai Chinese elm. If you are able to supply all the necessary requirements it needs, they will grow healthily and will develop beautifully. Growing a Chinese elm as bonsai is easy. You just have to follow these important tips:
â€¢ Choose a good bonsai container that has enough holes beneath it so that it will drain out excess amounts of water.
â€¢ Use an appropriate soil for your Chinese elm bonsai. You can purchase a commercially prepared soil from garden centers. You can also prepare your own soil mixture; you just have to combine the right soil types.
â€¢ After planting your Chinese elm, water it whenever necessary. You should check the soil first and if it is dry, you must water it until water oozes from the drainage holes of the bonsai container.
â€¢ Keep the soil moist at all times, especially during spring and early summer.
â€¢ Do not over water or under water your bonsai Chinese elm. Over watering can cause rotting of its root, and under watering can cause dehydration of the plant.
â€¢ Protect your bonsai from harsh conditions and winter seasons. But most of its species can stand cool environments.
â€¢ Expose your bonsai Chinese elm to adequate sunlight. You can put it on a place where it can be exposed to a full sun, or place it under a shady area.
â€¢ During summer season, you should make sure that the bonsai Chinese elm will be positioned on a shady place because too much heat exposure can cause dehydration to it.
â€¢ Use a fertilizer that has high amounts of nitrogen, and then feed it every week for four weeks. Then, continue feeding every two weeks.
â€¢ Never fertilize your bonsai when all of the leaves have fallen and when you plan to propagate it indoors.
â€¢ If you are propagating bonsai Chinese elm outdoors, fertilizing is done after opening of the buds during the spring season.
â€¢ Bonsai wiring on Chinese elm should be done on a regular basis. But wiring should be done when the leaves have fallen out from the tree.
â€¢ When wiring the branches, the wire should be applied carefully as this can cause unwanted scarring on its bark.
â€¢ Pruning is an essential task to do so that your bonsai Chinese elm will have a fascinating shape. You should do pruning after early spring.
â€¢ Repotting should be done once in one to three years. Repotting is very necessary to give adequate space for the roots to grow.
â€¢ Repot your Chinese elm bonsai during early spring. Perform it a month before or after pruning.