Types of Bonsai Cherry Trees
Bonsai trees are beautiful and elegant container trees. Originating in China thousands of years ago, they have grown popular in other cultures around the world since then. Capable of thriving both indoors and outdoors, they average only a foot tall in most cases. Mostly subtropical, the cherry bonsai is relatively easy to grow and nurture, providing a beautiful-looking tree with the added benefit of producing fruit. There are three bonsai cherry tree types available.
- Surinam cherry bonsai trees are best when growing in the southern United States, but also are capable of successful growth indoors. This tree has reddish, flaking bark with deep green leaves that grow in pairs. In the spring, the trees sport compact fragrant white flowers that transition to small red and flavorful cherries.
- Native to Florida, this type of bonsai cherry tree is an evergreen variety and is hearty enough to grow outdoors, even in slightly cooler climates, or indoors so long as there is an ample light source like large unblocked windows. With small, shiny leaves, this tree develops little white flowers and produces sweet bright-red cherries.
- Originating in the Caribbean islands, most commonly Barbados and Curacao, this bonsai cherry tree has wispy, drooping branches that fall lazily like a weeping willow tree. Light red, slightly sour cherries develop from small rose-colored flowers. Outside the Caribbean, they grow best indoors, but can grow in areas of a subtropical nature like southern Florida. They grow the best and will prosper in mildly acidic soil.
- These trees grow best when protected from overly hot midday temperatures that will damage fragile leaves. They are capable of growing in indirect and direct sunlight, but should be watched for wilting that will indicate too much light. Soil is best damp to the touch, but should not be saturated. Care should be taken to not overly water the flowers themselves because too much direct water might rot the petals.
Soil and Potting
- Fertilizer is an important additive for bonsai cherry trees in the spring and fall, and liquid fertilizer is generally more effective than other chemical fertilizers that require dilution so as to not shock the tree. Repotting is recommended every two years, preferably in the spring and before flowering starts. Any pruning of the roots is best done with great care because bonsai root systems are very fragile. In optimum conditions, with care taken to properly repot, monitor soil quality, adequately water, and fertilize regularly, cherry bonsai trees will usually grow to about 14 inches by the time of full maturation.