In Japanese, the word bonsai means"tray-planted," bonsai refers either to dwarf trees or to the art of training and growing the miniaturized trees in containers. Bonsai may be either conifers with small needles or deciduous plants with small leaves. There are some bonsai which are small-flowered or small-fruit trees.
The overall artistic effect is of great significance in growing the trees. Everything must be proportional: the size of the tree, its leaves or needles, its flowers or fruit, and the container in which it grows. The bonsai containers or bonsai pots, especially, must be chosen to harmonize in size, shape, and color with the tree.