Bonsai originated over 1000 years ago in China and bonsai trees can live for hundreds of years if they are taken care of properly. Follow these steps to take care of your bonsai and to keep your plant around for a long time.
Taking Care of Bonsai Plants
First, in order to take care of your bonsai tree, you must learn how to water it properly. Bonsai trees should not be watered too often unless the soil feels dry. Bonsai trees are planted in specially formulated soil that retains moisture and over watering could be detrimental to your plant.
Second, misting the tree can be very helpful for your tree as well. Bonsai trees will thrive in a humid environment and re-creating this environment will go a long way in the care of your tree. You can also place a tray under your tree which you can fill with water which will naturally evaporate. However, make certain that the roots are not sitting in water.
Third, bonsai trees should be placed permanently in a sunny location as they thrive in sunlight. Some bonsai trees need more sunlight than others so check the instructions that came with your tree.
Fourth, you should fertilize your tree two times per year to keep it healthy and to allow it to grow. It is best to fertilize your tree in the Spring and in the Fall. Make sure that your fertilizer contains nitrogen, phosphoric acid and potash. Always use a little bit less than the manufacturers instructions.
Fifth, trimming and pruning your tree will help it keep the original shape and keep the tree balanced with the root system. It is critical that the two stay balanced in order to keep the tree the size desired.
Sixth, training may be needed for your bonsai. Training with the use of rope or copper wire will help you to shape the plants and form branches in the shape plus direction desired. Wrap the wire closely to the branch but not to closely so that it cuts into the bark. Cutting into the bark can severely damage the bark and hurt the entire tree.
Seventh, know that your bonsai does not like traditional potting soil. Bonsai trees use Bonsai soil which is free draining and does not retain water like traditional soil. Bonsai soil also allows the roots to breathe which is critical for the health of the plant.
Eighth, having the proper soil is also during the re-potting process which will occur every five years or so. It will be necessary to take the plant out of the pot, shake off the excess dirt and clip the roots back to a size that will fit the container. Keep the plant out of the sun for at least one week after cutting the roots.
Finally, protect your tree. There are various diseases and bugs that can seriously harm your plant. Caring for your bonsai plant properly can protect your tree from such things. Bugs tend to feed on the weaker trees. Give your plant light, fresh air and the proper soil and you will be able to enjoy your bonsai tree for years to come.