The term bonsai came from the Chinese word which means a plant in pot. It was the Chinese who introduced the miniature ornamental trees in the period of the second century B.C. This was the period of perfecting the landscape and trees where planted in specific containers.
Bonsai are plants that measures around 2 inches up to 3 feet in height which grew from seeds and as well as from cuttings. This plant is usually grown in pots or containers which are kept small by pruning the branches and roots to serve as decorations. There are times that the trees are wired on its branch and trunk to attain a desired shape.
Bonsais live for many years and some families consider as prized possessions. Bonsai have many varieties such as the gardenia, azalea, bamboo, camellia, pine and even plum. There are so many styles that you can do with bonsai. You can have it informal upright, formal upright, cascade, semi-cascade and slanting style.
Professionals with bonsai use specialized tools to mold and create bonsai into different forms such as the pliers, concave branch cutters, root trimmers and shears. If you want to create your own form of bonsai, there are 12 steps that you can follow.
You must choose first a petite shrub from common varieties of garden such as the azalea, camellia, boxwood, gardenia, cotoneaster, or even hibiscus. Trim the plant with the use of bypass pruners until a structure is seen. After that you need to remove the bonsai from its pot and place the root of the bonsai in water.
Decrease the amount of soil around its roots in order for the root ball to fit the said container. Trim the roots to until two-thirds of the original size are reduced. The next thing that you’ll need to do is to place a plastic window or a piece of gauze over the drainage hole of the pot.
Then add an inch of mixed potting soil on it then the root ball while spreading gently its roots over the soil. Put additional soil again to cover the roots but make sure that there is a one inch allowance on top for watering purposes. Prune the plant on your desired structure.
The last thing that you will do is to water it until the soil is soaked then covers it with aquarium gravel. Place the plant on a location wherein it can receive a sufficient amount of sunlight.