Landscape farming has regularly been likened to the painting of a picture. Your art-work teacher has doubtless told you that a good picture should have a thrust of chief activity, and the leftovers of the points merely go to make more charming the middle idea, or to form an excellent locale for it. So in landscape gardening there must be in the gardener’s beware a picture of what he requests the total to be when he completes his work.
From this reading we shall be able to work out a little guess of landscape gardening.
Let us go to the lawn. A good area of open lawn legroom is forever lovely. It is peaceful. It adds a sensation of plot to even small basis. So we might generalize and say that it is well to keep open lawn seats. If one covers his lawn space with the prairie, with little flower beds here and there, the common produce is variable and fussy. It is a bit like an over-dressed persona. One’s reason failed all individuality therefore treated. An explicit ranking or a small group is not a bad arrangement on the lawn. Do not centre the hierarchy or plants. Let the dewdrop a bit into the background. Make a pleasing margin figure of them. In choosing foliage one must keep in awareness several property. You should not decide an overpowering hierarchy; the ranking should be one of good sculpt, with something interesting about its bark, leaves, plants or fruit. While the poplar is a hasty farmer, it sheds its leaves early and so is left settled, bare and dreadful, before the tumble is old. Mind you, there spaces where a row or double row of Lombardy poplars is very valuable. Nevertheless I think you’ll acquiesce with me that one solo poplar is not. The catalpa is fairly lovely by itself. Its leaves are broad, its flora attractive, the seed pods which embrace to the hierarchy awaiting away into the iciness, add a bit of picture squeness. The smart berries of the ash, the brilliant foliage of the darling maple, the blossoms of the tulip ranking, the bark of the ashen birch, and the leaves of the copper beech all these are beauties points to respect.
Place makes a difference in the variety of a ranking. Suppose the sink portion of the proof is a bit low and soggy, then the location model for a willow. Don’t group trees together which look thorny. A long-looking poplar does not go with a kind somewhat rounded little tulip ranking. A juniper, so neat and precise, would look silly beside a dispersal chestnut. One must keep proportion and suitability in brains.
I’d never advice the planting of a group of evergreens close to a house, and in the front yard. The look is very dark genuinely. Houses therefore surrounded are overcapped by such trees and are not only gloomy to live in, but justly unhealthful. The chief necessary inside a house is sunlight and profusion of it.
As trees are preferred because of certain good points, so bushes should be. In a bundle I should crave some which bloomed early, some which bloomed belated, some for the beauty of their descend foliage, some for the colour of their bark and others for the fruit. Some spireas and the forsythia bruise early. The red bark of the dogwood makes a bit of colour all frost, and the red berries of the barberry adhere to the bush well into the iciness.
Certain bushes are good to use for barricade purposes. A hedge is somewhat prettier mostly than a fence. The Californian privet is excellent so. Osage orange, Japan barberry, buckthorn, Japan quince, and Van Houtte’s spirea are other shrubs which make good hedges.
I forgot to say that in ranking and shrub variety it is usually better to take those of the zone one lives in. Unusual and exotic plants do exclude well, and regularly match but poorly with their new venue.
Landscape gardening may ensue along very stiff outline or along informal ranks. The first would have arranged paths, erect rows in stiff beds, everything, as the name tells, rightly stiff. The other procedure is, of course, the thorough reverse. There are threat points in each.
The strict arrangement is prone to look too stiff; the informal, too fussy, too wiggly. As far as paths go, keep the in wits, that a pathway should forever target anywhere. That is its topic to direct one to a definite place. Now, candid, even paths are not unpleasing if the realize is to be that of a formal patch. The danger in the curled pathway is an abrupt curve, a whirligig stimulate. It is far better for you to spike to arrange paths save you can make a really pleasing curve. No one can tell you how to do this.
Garden paths may be of annoy, of dirt, or of lawn. One sees meadow paths in some very lovely gardens. I suspect, however, if they would purpose as well in your small gardens. Your patch areas are so imperfect that they should be re-spaded each period, and the grass paths are a great upset in this work. Of course, a gravel lane makes an adequate appearance, but again you may not have gravel at your control. It is promising for any of you to dig out the pathway for two feet. Then put in six inches of rock or ember. Over this, bunch in the dirt, rounding it slightly regarding the centre of the trail. There should never be depressions through the central part of paths, since these form convenient places for water to shelf. The under layer of sandstone makes an accepted drainage structure.
A shop regularly requests the help of vines or flora or, both to tie it to the reason in such a way as to form a harmonious complete. Vines give themselves well to this work. It is better to yard a perennial deposit, and so let it form an undying part of your landscape diagram. The Virginia planted, wistaria, honeysuckle, a climbing rose, the clematis and trumpet creeper are all most satisfactory.
Close your eyes and picture a house of normal colour, that melodious bleak of the gnarled shingles. Now add to this old house a purple wistaria. Can you see the beauty of it? I shall not overlook quickly a rather obnoxious part of my childhood home, where the dining room and kitchen met. Just there climbing over, and lessening over a framework was a trumpet creeper. It made superb a gauche point, a dreadful bit of carpenter work.
Of course, the morning-glory is a yearly creeper, as is the moon-vine and untamed cucumber. Now, these have their elite function. For regularly, it is basic to coat a horrid thing for just a time, awaiting the better things and better period come. The annual is ‘the chap’ for this work. Along an old fence a hop vine is a thing of beauty. One might try to rival the woods’ landscape work. For often one sees bedecked from one rotted tree to another, the ampelopsis vine.
Flowers may well go along the piece of the structure, or adjoining a hike. In broad, while, keep the front lawn space open and endless by beds. What lovelier in early bounce than a bed of daffodils close to the house? Hyacinths and tulips, too, form a glow of glory. These are little or no trouble, and start the spring aright. One may make of some bulbs an exception to the reign of complete front lawn. Snowdrops and crocuses planted through the lawn are wonderful. They do not frighten the universal provoke, but just unify with the intact. One practiced bulb gardener says to take a basketful of bulbs in the plunge, stride about your grounds, and just release bulbs out here and there. Wherever the bulbs slump, plant them. Such small bulbs as those we plant in lawns should be in groups of four to six. Daffodils may be therefore planted, too. You all recall the grape hyacinths that grow all through Katharine’s elevation yard.
The place for a flower plot is generally at the area or rear of the house. The backyard is a lovely idea, is it not? Who requests to bequeath a wonderful looking front yard, jaunt the bend of a house, and find a ditch heap? Not I. The flower patched may be laid out formally in neat little beds, or it may be more of a careless, hit-or-skip character. Both having their good points. Great stacks of bloom are attractive.
You should have in awareness some notion of the blending of colour. Nature appears not to judge this at all, and still gets wondrous effects. This is because of the tremendous quantity of her absolute background of green, and the limitlessness of her space, while we are confined at the best to relatively small areas. So we should worked not to blind people’s eyes with clashes of colours which do not at close series unify well. To collapse up extremes of colours you can always use adequate of fair flora, or something like mignonette, which in provoke green.
Finally, let us sum up our landscape moral. The grounds are a site for the house or buildings. Open, limitless lawn spaces, a tree or a personal group well placed, flowers which do not fill up the front yard, groups of bushes these points to be remembered. The paths should conduct somewhere, and be each orthodox or well warped. If one starts with a formal garden, one should not mix the informal with it before the work is done.