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AMARYLLIDACEAE – Eucharis


AMARYLLIDACEAE

AMARYLLIS FAMILY

Amaryllidaceae includes approxi- mately 50 general of seasonally dor-mant and evergreen herbs widely distributed from mild temperate to tropical regions. Some genera are frequently, but incorrectly, referred to as lilies. of several distinctions from the family liliaceae, perhaps the most readily recognized are the slight bilateral symmetry of the flower, a bent floral neck, and the stamens clustered near the lower tepals. Lilies have evenly radiating tepals and stamens and come pri-marily from temperate regions. The plants are poisonous. Leaves are strap -shaped to orbicular, usually in opposite ranks (distichous), decid-uous, often basal. The bulbs or rhi-zones have contractile roots. Flowers are bisexual with 6 tepals and usually 6 stamens, and are produced on separate stalks (scapes). Some species have a corona (annulus) around the thoat. The inflo-rescence is a cyme or flowers are solitary. Thin spathelike bracts are sometimes located below the flowers. The fruit is a capsule or berry.

Eucharis

Eucharis includes approximately 17 species of bulbous herbs from the  Andes  to Central America. They are commonly known   as Amazon lilies and come from moist river valleys and rain forests. The genus name means “elegant” but is commonly taken to refer to the christian Last Supper sacrament, the Eucharist, since the plants are frequently  in flower around Easter. They also bloom intermittently in summer and fall. Leaves are basal, often broad. Flowers have a distinctive corona. These tropical daffodils can be grown in containers. They are very attractive to slugs, snails, and grasshoppers.

Eucharis amazonica

Amazo lyly, azucena

Peru (eastern slope of the andes)

Evergreen bulbous herb, 12-18 in, zones 10-11. Blooms intermittently in warm months. Moist to wet during active growth, less when dormant. Fertile, well – drained soil. Bright filtered light. Flowers: nodding, to 2.5 in, wide, slightly fragrant, basal tube slender, lobes  flaing, white, throat encircled by corona streaked with pale green, in few – flowered umbels. Leaves: broadly obovate, 1.5 – 2 ft. long, 8 in. wide, base tapering down petiole. A sterile triploid cultigen which has been cultivated for centuries. Forms large clumps in moist areas. Eucharis moorei is a fertile diploid species found on both slopes of the Andes.

Eucharis ulei

Amazon lily

Synonym; Urceolina ulei, Peru, western watershed of the Amazon River. Evergreen bulbous herb to 12 in , zones 10-11. Blomms late winter, spring, intermittently. Moist to wet when warm, less when cool. Fertile. well – drained soil. Part sun to bright filtered light. Flowerss: lightly fragrant, nodding, to 1.5 in. wide, basal tube slender, green, lobes flaring, white, anthers attached to a corona streaked with white and yellow, borne in umbels, a few flowers opening at a time. Leaves: lanceolate, streaked lengthwise. Smaller in all aspects than the more commonly cultivated E. amazonica.

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