Peonies are a wonderful perennial to have in your landscape plan; their foliage is lovely and their blooms are spectacular. Cared for properly, they will last for many years in your flowerbeds. A word of advice: peonies do not like to be transplanted.
Peonies die back to the ground in the fall and come up as reddish shoots in the spring. This is a good time to place a wire cage around them so that they will have some support as they grow.
Peonies do not need to be fertilized; as a matter of fact, they bloom less in fertile soil.
The buds first appear as small green globes and begin to show color as they get larger. The plant gives off an attractant for ants, which help the buds to open. Be sure that your peony gets adequate water during the bud growth time.
The bud should be fully opened when you cut peonies. That doesn’t mean you should wait until you have 6" blooms–that’s actually almost too late. The bud/bloom should be just opened to the size slightly larger than a golf ball when you cut it. Immediately place it in lukewarm water. The bud will continue to open, giving you a glorious blossom that will fill your home with sweet fragrance.