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How Much Root Space Do Peonies Need?


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Peonies are a perennial that need plenty of room to spread out their roots and grow. Known for their adaptability, their showy blooms are fragrant and provide contrast against a hedgerow or shrubs. These plants also require plenty of sunlight and well-drained soil to thrive and bloom properly.

Plant and Root Facts

  • Proper care of bare roots can lead to beautiful displays.

    Fall is the best time to plant bare root peonies as they’ll have the winter to settle in and should thrive come spring. There are two types of peony plants, bush and tree, and all peonies require a cold winter dormancy period.

Root Spacing

  • Vibrant bloom comes from proper spacing.

    Spacing for peony roots is critical if you want vibrant and healthy blooms. The roots need at least 2 feet to spread out and prosper. Keep the amount of soil over the peony root ball to no more than 2 inches. Any deeper and you may end up with a plant that’s all foliage and no flowers.

Peony Planting Information

  • Peonies are plants that will give you beautiful bouquets year after year.

    If planting more than one bare root peony plant, keep the plants 3 to 4 feet apart. This assures that you won’t have to dig them up and divide them too soon. Peonies planted in good garden loam could bloom for as long as 50 years or more.

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