Peonies produce large, eye-catching flowers that emerge in several colors, including maroon, yellow and white. They are found in many gardens and landscapes, and are often included in cut flower arrangements. Peonies, which typically are relatively free of pests, emit a fragrance that many people find pleasing, and they convey positive meanings, including good health and prosperity.
Although many varieties of peonies exist, key common characteristics may enable you to identify them.
Things You’ll Need
- Observe the height and growth pattern of the plant. Peonies emerge from plants that measure 2 to 4 feet in height. They are round in form.
- Note the time of year in which blooms appear. Peonies typically blossom in late spring to early summer. Dark green foliage turns brownish-red as autumn approaches.
- Look at the flower size and colors to identify peonies. The blossoms are large, measuring 6 inches across, and may be yellow, white, maroon, pink, bi-color or red.
- Take notice of where the flowers are found growing. Peonies enjoy full sun or a slightly shady location.
- Count the number of petals that border the outside of the blossom. Peonies produce at least five large petals—or guards—in one or more rows, and each variety displays a particular center crown. Single and semi-double peonies, for example, contain guards that encompass a group of stamens at the crown of the blossom, while double and bomb peonies have numerous rows of petals that completely cover the stamen and stigma.