The flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) is a deciduous hardwood tree and prized landscape plant with long-lasting floral displays and bright red fruit. Its fall foliage is a showy scarlet. Flowering dogwood is the official state tree of Virginia and Missouri, and the state flower of Missouri.
Flowering dogwoods are native to eastern North America from Ontario and Maine in the north to Florida and Texas in the south and as far west as Oklahoma.
Flowering dogwoods will grow 20 to 35 feet tall and have a spread of 20 to 30 feet in diameter.
The flowering dogwood likes rich, well-draining soils and may not live in areas where the soil stays wet. It grows in both full shade and full sun, but some amount of shade is better.
Flowering dogwoods produce small bunches of clustered yellow flowers in the middle of modified oval bracts that are usually white or pink. After pollination, the flowers are replaced by a red, berrylike fruit.
Flowering dogwoods are very popular and showy landscape or sidewalk trees. They often are kept much smaller than their potential, usually under 15 feet tall.