Shasta daisies, belonging to the Asteraceae family, provide a wealth of bright, white blooms to any cutting garden or flowerbed. Growing in tidy clumps that reach 2 to 3 feet in height, Shasta daisies attract bees and butterflies with blooms that last from early summer through fall. These low maintenance beauties, readily propagated by seed or division, grow best when situated in a location that offers full sun and well draining soil.
Shasta daisy seeds take approximately two to four weeks to complete the germination cycle. When daisies are propagated by seed, it may take at least one year of growth before blooms will appear.
Shasta daisies are clumping perennials that spend most of the first year of growth forming a parent crown and several smaller crowns that will eventually support the stems and flowers. Below the soil, the root structure is comprised of rhizomes and a shallow mat of unbranched roots.
Once the basal foliage and root system are developed, flowers will form in early summer to late fall of the next growing season. The long, single stems form glossy, strap-shaped leaves alternately spaced along the length. At the tip of the stem, the bloom forms, comprised of disc and ray florets that measure from 2 to 5 inches in circumference. Depending on the variety planted, ray florets can form in a single, double, frilly or curled pattern.
During the blooming period, seeds form beneath the disc florets. If the plant is not deadheaded to remove spent flowers, seeds will mature and release for self seeding once the bloom is entirely faded in the fall.