The columbine plant is a perennial evergreen that grows as a wildflower and as a garden plant. Its wildflower ways make the flower an adaptable, easy-to-grow choice for the garden. The columbine has many varieties. Some grow to only about 6 inches tall, while others grow up to 3 feet high. Varieties boast many different flower colors, which bloom come spring. Leaves turn maroon in fall and winter, providing color. Columbines enjoy partial shade and well-drained soil; the soil doesn’t need to be particularly rich. Though they’re not drought-resistant until well-established, columbines can handle sunnier spots fairly well. The plant attracts hummingbirds.
Regular watering will help prevent aphid infestation and powdery mildew. Columbines of different varieties cross-pollinate and easily create hybrids. Don’t allow plants with flowers you don’t like to self-seed. When replenishing columbines, buy established plants with flowers so you can be sure of the variety. Don’t buy more than one variety if you want to count on a given flower’s appearance in your garden every year.