Picturesque flowering perennials native to moist woodlands in North America or Asia, bleeding hearts (Dicentra spp.) bear pendulous white, pink, yellow or red flowers in spring, depending on species. In garden settings, species Dicentra spectabilis grows 2 to 4 feet tall and blooms in late spring, while Dicentra eximia grows 2 feet tall and bears flowers in late spring and intermittently through fall until frost occurs. These perennials spread by underground rhizomes and by scattering seeds from ripe fruits after flowering ends. Trimming plants controls seed production, slows the growth and spread of rhizomes or removes yellowing foliage as the plants enter seasonal dormancy.
Some people contract dermatitis when touching the foliage and stems of bleeding hearts. Wear long sleeves and gloves when trimming foliage if you have sensitive skin.