Information About the Black Eyed Susan Flower


The perennial black-eyed Susan (rudbeckia fulgida) is one of the most beloved native American wildflowers.


  • The black-eyed Susan plant (also sometimes called coneflower) reaches 24 to 36 inches high and blooms in midsummer.The button-like deep brown flower heads are surrounded by yellow-orange ray flowers, and will reseed in the garden unless deadheaded.


  • Black-eyed Susans prefer a well-drained soil and bloom best in a sunny location. Divide every 3 to 4 years to keep plants vigorous and under control.


  • The black-eyed Susan is a rugged perennial that will bloom dependably under a wide variety of conditions. The flower is attractive to butterflies, and the seed heads are a winter delicacy for birds. It pairs well with other native plants such as grasses.


  • Black-eyed Susan is native to the eastern United States and is hardy in zones 3 to 9.

Other Varieties

  • Cultivated varieties include "Viette’s Little Suzy", which is only 10 to 14 inches tall, and "Herbstonne", which reaches 6 to 6 1/2 feet high, and has bright yellow flowers and green centers. One of the best known varieties is the 18- to 30-inch high "Goldsturm", a long bloomer with golden petals and a nearly black cone; it was named the Perennial Plant of the Year for 1999 by the Perennial Plant Association.

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